When it comes to making fresh orange juice from scratch it is very important to know the different kinds of oranges. Did you know oranges come in all different kinds of strains which can potentially have an impact on the flavor and consistency of the orange juice you drink? We decided to put together a little article for you guys describing the various orange strains that can be found around the world, so next time you decide to squeeze yourself a fresh glass of orange juice you can pick what kind of oranges you decide to go with. We are quite sure that the oranges you find in most juices in the grocery store are actually from Florida oranges which all have different branches to. Besides that we will now cover the kinds of oranges you can look into for your next juicing session.
Varieties of orange strains
First and foremost the sweet orange strain that most of us are accustomed to is not found anywhere in the wild. In fact the sweet orange that we are used to munching in soccer games and found in grocery stores is actually a hybrid of two types of orange strains, the pomelo and the mandarin. When these two strains mix we are given what is known as the sweet orange strain.
The complication of this fruit comes around the fact on how the cultivation process exactly takes place and this is where people get a bit mixed up. Most people are not entirely sure where the sweet orange is cultivated and according to the fruit pages it is known that the cultivation of these fruits could have possibly occurred in China and or in northeaster India. During the 1400’s Italian traders came with the strain of the fruit to the Southeastern asian hemisphere on trade routes and introduced this strain to the local population. During this time orange trees were not commercialized into being used for eating nor for drinking the juices. However it was used for medical purposes and only a select few from the wealthy class would treat themselves to actually eating the fruit.
The sweet orange comes in a few different kinds of varieties and these are the varieties that we may find when it comes to juicing and or drinking orange juice bought in stores.
Types of sweet orange strains
When it comes to the sweet orange that was first introduced to the southeastern asian countries back in the early to late fourteen hundreds, we know one really important fact, and that is the fact that these oranges are divided into four classes.
- The pigmented orange, also known as the blood orange these come in both the deep blood orange strain and the light orange strain which varies in flavor, taste and look. You will commonly find that blood oranges are a natural mutation and have high natural amounts of anthocyanin. The anthocyanin is known for giving the blood orange its red color which is dark and thick. The blood orange is further broken down into four different strains which include the moro, maltese, sanguinelli, and scarlet navel which gives the blood orange further amounts of varieties.
- Common orange, also known has the valencia orange this is the most widely and commonly grown orange. This orange strain is also the most popular when it comes to processes orange juices which you can purchase from your local grocery store, and this is one of the things that you will find the most common. In flavor and taste we would say the common orange is sweet if harvested at the right time other wise you are more likely to strike a home run in taste with the blood orange.
- Navel orange, the navel orange is imported into the states and then bread and grown here also known as the bahia, cara cara, late navel, washinton navel, and california navel. This strain of oranges are some where in between the common orange and blood orange in hue and taste. It is not as common to find these oranges to be juiced in commercial juices which makes it an underground favorite for alot of new juicers to use in their fresh squeezed orange juice.
- acid-less orange, this is a very breed also known for having little flavor as well as acid. The name says it all, less acid also means less flavor and sweetness. Due to having less acid this also means that the oranges will have less spoilage. These oranges are not harvested in large quantities but are commonly found amongst the hunter gatherer nations. They would take these oranges on their trips for sustenance and glucose since it was known that these oranges did not have any spoilage.
- Satsuma orange, this orange is commonly found in the Japanese region of satsuma and is eaten fresh out of harvest. It is difficult to find this orange anywhere in the states as by tradition these oranges are eaten fresh of the tree and not imported or exported. They are found in farmers markets across japan and are sold the day of the harvest for the best taste and for the best amount of effect. The reason these satsuma oranges tend to be more sweeter is the fact that the trees that grow the fruit are more delicate and are grown in a specific temperature which other orange strains are not.
- Tangerine, the tangerine orange is a sweet small orange looking fruit also known as the clementine is one of the favorite child hood snacks in the united states. It is readily available in grocery stores and is known for the sweetness and fun eating style. Tangerine trees generally take years upon years to bear fruit enough to sell in the markets. It is also quite amazing to not that tangerine fruits are often neglected when it comes to juicing even though they produce some of the freshest and sweetest juice.
- Trifoliate orange, These kinds of oranges are found primarily in northern China and Korea and are also imported into the united states. This kind of orange is the most prominent fruit which is used to make orange marmalade, and it is quite difficult to find any other kind of orange which is used for the same purpose.
After reading this post we hope that you can see that there are tons of different kinds of oranges out there in the world, and when it come to eating and juicing oranges we hope you consider being more adventurous in your methods. Juicing is a lifestyle and introducing to it variety is what makes it super exciting!